The Business Model of Enhanced Exchange is designed for the company to achieve sustainability through sustained progressive growth. The company designs food production to achieve superior eating experiences by targeting markets. It is understood that markets are not static entities and that, over time, the markets targeted by Enhanced Exchange will evolve and broaden. Times change, foods change too, and eating habits change. Therefore, Enhanced Exchange maintains close contact with markets “feeling their pulses” and gauging the directions of their evolution. Production, supply, and delivery systems are managed to maintain flexibility with the dynamics required to provide targeted markets with the eating experience desired. Enhanced Exchange is built on customer loyalty. Accordingly, Enhanced Exchange provides its customers with the fresh and frozen designer foods products™ requirements for satisfaction now, and quality food streams guaranteeing satisfaction in the future. At Enhanced Exchange we collectively believe that we can make a difference in sustainable, healthy and profitable agriculture, which is good for everyone; because it is and remains a key pillar to a thriving economy and to prosperous people. Our core beliefs, which remain the same today is that our special responsibilities to care for vulnerable animals, which are noble and worthy of the attention we give them. As we work to achieve these goals, we remain committed to delivering our programs and services efficiently, effectively, with integrity, and a strong focus on customer service.
Enhanced Exchange does collect input and adds that to our resource base to in turn assess opportunities. We develop tools and guidance to help decision-makers understand the economic and social trade-offs of investing in and protecting natural resources. Enhanced Exchange’s supports priorities and help initiate and support determinations to innovative projects while seeking to tackle global food security challenges. We do so through deep, multi-year partnerships with a subset of Enhanced Exchange Programs, through crosscutting activities designed to influence markets, and through the provision of tailored technical advice to Enhanced Exchange’s programs and international offices. Enhanced Exchange’s continuing efforts to make a difference, while working with the private sector, civil society and citizens to address issues that do in fact matter. Among the contemporary challenges are basic to most, to vulnerable communities in particular: keys are an adaptation to climate change, affordable, reliable, healthful, sustainable solutions as the need exists for effective solutions becomes increasingly urgent in a warming world. Enhanced Exchange does undertake reflection and asks the resolute questions in advancing areas of interest. We start with analyses of voice, power, and vulnerability in environmental decision-making. Who suffers and who benefits when governments enact or fail to enact an initiative? Who has a seat at the table, and who is left out? What do citizens need to shape policy, and what steps that can be taken to become more inclusive, transparent and accountable?
Assimilating the queries and answers is a comprehensive effort at Enhanced Exchange and is one that continues to date, thereby improving decision-making is just the beginning. That’s why our research also concentrates on the follow-through and building momentum for a change of the critically important steps that officials across all levels of government must take to respond to citizens’ concerns. In this manner, Enhanced Exchange can convey and realize ambitious commitments, like Sustainable Development Goals as farmers are struggling to protect their crops from an onslaught of climate impacts droughts, floods, fires and rising seas that they had a little hand in creating. What are the political, economic and social dynamics that underpin success? How can governments pass effective laws, policies, and guidelines, strengthen institutions to enforce them, and marshal the financial or technical resources so necessary to implement the policy? Using our analysis, we build citizens’ capacity to engage in the environmental decisions that impact their lives and mobilize civil society networks that drive bottom-up change. Open, accessible data platforms created in partnership with Enhanced Exchange, make it easier for people everywhere to understand the threats facing their communities, track governments’ response to these risks. These same tools also help policymakers and corporate executives make hard choices in the face of uncertainty and rapid change.
We take the complex challenges of climate change seriously in the context of sustainable economic development. Collectively, we understand the science and plan for accomplishing this with more options for fewer serious risks that we face as climate change directly threatens socioeconomic development outcomes. Climate change is already modifying the frequency and intensity of many weather-related hazards. Steadily increasing vulnerability and eroding resilience of the exposed populations are evident, that depend on arable land, access to water and stable mean temperatures and rainfall. The decisions that national leaders, local officials, developers, and planners make today will determine how billions of persons within the areas of urban cities will live over the next century. Already, we recognize the marketplace in that half the global population resides in cities. That figure is set to increase to (70%) seventy percent by 2050. Enhanced Exchange recognizes the resources that apply to those challenges, opportunities and the contents of many of the forecasts concerning population growth, the environment that includes dramatic increases in the frequency and duration of droughts, floods. Hurricanes and rising seas. Climate impacts are being felt all around the world and remain on track to get much worse. Every year of delay and every tenth of a degree do matter. The next few years are a key to our future; this time window is the last window we have to steer the world in a better and safer direction.
Addressing climate change globally and locally requires dramatic changes in the use of resources. Yet countries, businesses, states, and cities have yet to make deeper structural, economic, and societal shifts that are understood as requirements. There isn’t a single silver bullet, or a single pressure point of addressing the climate challenges. It will require an army of actors, a menu of options and an array of diverse resource interventions in the right places, with the right entities, tailored to the unique opportunities for each of our products and markets at hand. One of Enhanced Exchange’s objectives is to help businesses, policymakers and civil society at the local, national and international levels in order to advance the deep structural shifts that are truly necessary to address the diverse components of the respective two words, namely climate change. Indeed, we focus our resources on ensuring near-term decisions align with our long-term climatic goals so all people can benefit from the safer world and thriving economies. Our Climate Action Initiative uses analysis, innovation, and partnerships to achieve effective national policies and implement Agreement on the diverse components of climate change. Our officers around the world work at all levels of government and with businesses to advance cost-effective solutions to reduce its emissions in the short and long-term.
Climate Watch content offers open data, visualizations, and constructive implementable analysis to help policymakers, researchers and other stakeholders to gather insights on climate progress. Through Science-Based Targets, the objectives of Enhanced Exchange and its partners are to help set ambitious climate targets trajectories. Enhanced Exchange’s global designer food products™ program helps consumers understand designer food products™ in the context of climate change and the marketplace. We start with the consumer in mind, we, therefore, determine what designer food products™ their byproducts, or services, that are needed? Which business models are sustainable? How can regulatory frameworks scale solutions? We take public commitments as a starting point and push forward policies, projects, and programs that accelerate and deliver change by example, on the ground, thereby providing for implementable change, resource, and enhancement. Human society and the global economy are inextricably linked to photosynthesis, by example forests. More than (1) one billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods. Enhanced Exchange also recognizes and advocates that forest ecosystems play a critical role in stabilizing the climate; providing food, water, wood products, and vital medicines; and logically supporting much of the world’s biodiversity. Despite decreased deforestation rates in some regions, forest ecosystems are still under great threat.
According to research, (30%) thirty percent of global forest cover has been cleared; while another (20%) twenty percent has been degraded. Most of the rest has been fragmented, leaving only about (15%) fifteen percent intact. Enhanced Exchange works to sustain forests for future generations as we aim to curb deforestation worldwide and help to restore and reforest already-cleared land. The world also runs on water, it allows plants and mankind to thrive. Therefore, clean, reliable water supplies are clearly a resource, one that we must carefully protect as its uses are vital for industry, agriculture, and energy production. Every community and ecosystem on Earth depends on water for sanitation, hygiene, and daily survival. Yet the world’s water systems face formidable threats. More than a billion people currently live in water-scarce regions, and as many as (3.5) three point five billion could experience water scarcity by 2025. Increasing global factors, components such as market prices, trade agreements, and growth affect market prices, and all affect our respective resources to include types of and levels of pollution that degrades freshwater and coastal aquatic ecosystems. Enhanced Exchange utilizes its resources to work within, the confines of ongoing components of climate change that are poised to shift precipitation patterns and, speed glacial melt, altering water supplies and intensifying floods and drought.
Enhanced Exchange provides insight and resources as per our researcher’s market’s confidences long-term agricultural product supply goals. We note an exception to business, in general, is the details of also quality and when that is lower than another supplier, the market price is reflective of the differential as this does reflect on the quality. Therefore, we at Enhanced Exchange also make market determinations, of both the short-and long-term weather, as well as trade agreements since they influence supply and market price. These factors do work towards the quality of an end product. We know components can make a material difference. Those we observe include soil specifications, water quality, and distribution methodologies and costs associated with production, handling, and processing in order to provide our products, namely our designer food products™. Governmental panels on climate change projections are such that without adaptation, by companies like Enhanced Exchange global crop yields will likely decline by at least (5%) five percent by 2050, with steeper supply declines from 2100. Adaptation will require implementing safe and proven scientific methods of food production systems along with other menu items, as well as breeding and culturing designer crops to cope with higher temperatures, establishing water conservation systems, and changing food production systems of a diverse kind where major climate changes will make it impossible to otherwise grow certain crops.
Indeed, this diverse capital-intensive journey to improving agricultural productivity like the illustrations of Enhanced Exchange; the combinations of efforts can also save forests. This capital-intensive journey can impact all consumers too through enhancing crops and even some savannas globally, in some cases causing beneficial perimeter land clearing on a national basis, even locally. In order to avoid these declining forecast results, Enhanced Exchange productivity gains must also document the results of all kinds and be explicitly linked with efforts to protect natural ecosystems and wildlife habitats that may suffer from conversion to agriculture, particularly in terms of water use efficiency and crop rotation designs. Peatlands’ conversion for agriculture requires drainage, for instance, which releases large amounts of carbon into the atmosphere. The world’s (26) twenty-six million hectares of drained peatlands do account for (2%) two percent of annual greenhouse gas emissions. Governance improvements are an area for improving the model by all of us, the leadership, namely the use of logical science, in both new and older systems developments, production systems, and even crop delivery systems inclusive of those impacting land, air, and sea.
Restoring the peatlands to wetlands should be a high priority and would close the GHG mitigation gap by up to (7%) seven percent. One-third of marine stocks were overfished in 2015, making this high level unsustainable, with another (60%) sixty percent fished at maximum sustainable levels. We are, therefore, presuming such figures are accurate within several points, versus off by several more percent, or even by a multiple, thereby making the reality far worse. The numbers do today support real change, global catches need to be reduced today to allow wild fisheries to recover enough just to maintain the 2010 fish-catch level in 2050. This would avoid the need to convert (5) five million hectares of land to supply the equivalent amount of fish from aquaculture. Conversely, our global failure in addressing this man-made disaster requires the conversion of coastal and or inland agricultural lands into commercial food production systems to maintain such a level of seafood production. As the wild fish catches decline, aquaculture production needs to more than double to meet a projected (58%) fifty-eight percent increase in global fish consumption between 2010 and 2050. This doubling of fish consumption requires improving diverse aquaculture productivity, for instance, designer seafood products™.
Enhanced Exchange has been already, as are other private industry participants addressing fish farms’ current environmental challenges. The use of wild-caught fish in animal feeds, high freshwater demand, and increased water pollution. GHG emissions from agricultural production arise from livestock farming, application of nitrogen fertilizers, rice cultivation and combustible fuel energy use. They’re projected to rise from (7) seven to (9) nine gigatons GHG per year or more by 2050 (in addition to (6) six gigatons per year or more from land-use change). Ruminant livestock was responsible for around half of all agricultural production emissions in 2010. Of these emissions, the largest source is “enteric methane,” or cow burps. Increasing productivity of ruminants also reduces methane emissions, mainly because more milk and meat is produced per kilogram of feed. In addition, new technologies can reduce enteric fermentation. Emissions from “managed” manure, originating from animals raised in confined settings, represented around (9%) nine percent of agricultural production emissions in 2010. Improving manure management through higher levels of control, allowing better separating liquids from solids, capturing methane, and other strategies can greatly reduce emissions.
Emissions from fertilizers accounted for around (19%) nineteen percent of agricultural production emissions in 2010. Globally, crops absorb less than half the nitrogen applied as fertilizer, with the rest emitted to the atmosphere or lost as runoff. Increasing nitrogen use efficiency, the percentage of applied nitrogen absorbed by crops, involves improving application and source fertilizers and their management or the composition of the fertilizers themselves to increase the rate of nitrogen uptake, thus reducing the amount of fertilizer use. Rice paddies contributed at least (10%) ten percent of agricultural production emissions in 2010, primarily in the form of methane. But there are fewer emissions- and resource-intensive rice production methods. For example, shortening the duration of field flooding can reduce water levels to decrease the growth of methane-producing organisms. This practice can reduce emissions by up to (90%) ninety percent while saving water and increasing rice yields on some farms. Some rice varieties also generate less methane. Emissions from fossil energy use in agriculture accounted for (24%) twenty-four percent of agricultural production emissions in 2010. The basic opportunities include increasing energy efficiency, which has been only modestly explored in agricultural settings and switching to solar and wind.
Reducing emissions per unit of energy used by (75%) seventy-five percent would reduce the global GHG mitigation gap by (8%) eight percent. Efforts to mitigate agricultural emissions have primarily focused on sequestering carbon in soils, but recent research suggests this is harder to achieve than previously thought. For example, practices to increase carbon sequestration, such as no-till farming, produced little or no carbon sequestration increases when measured at deeper soil depths. Important strategies include avoiding further loss of carbon from soils by halting the conversion of forests to crops, protecting or increasing soil carbon by boosting the productivity of grasslands and croplands, increasing Agroforestry, and developing innovative strategies for building carbon where soil fertility is critical for food security. The challenge of feeding (10) ten billion people sustainably by 2050 is much harder than people realize, therefore providing the production and diverse educational opportunities and systems remains paramount. It will require a Herculean effort and major changes to how we produce and consume food. Enhanced Exchange has the technological resources and the management to deliver change, namely designer food products™.
Once considered vast and inexhaustible, the Ocean is being exploited in ways that were unimaginable a few decades ago. Over-fishing, plastic pollution, ocean warming, acidification, and other factors threaten to undermine the ability of the Ocean to underpin human well-being and life on Earth as we know it. The world cannot afford to continue this current trajectory. A new pathway is requisite, the need is clear enough, as we envision a commercial environment where profitability and sustainability coexist for the benefit and health of people and the Ocean. What is true for business is true for the Ocean: what gets monitored gets managed. Enhanced Exchange does aim to support the Ocean Community and the multiple Ocean Initiatives and coalitions that have put the ocean on the global agenda because there is a general recognition that ocean monitoring is falling short of expectations and sustainability. Likewise, we do act and set examples in support of the need to link biophysical changes in the Ocean and the global policy agenda. We seek to help fill this gap and support the ocean community by preparing an annual State of the Ocean reports that track progress to conserve and sustainably use our oceans. These reports would illustrate and monitor developments in policies, programs, business practices, and finance to in turn determine “how goes the battle” highlighting successes and what is necessary to improve, implement and needed to create system-wide change.
Enhanced Exchange along with its partners incorporates and improves the findings of these reports, to take these diverse resources and findings into action. Current industry practices are based on the misguided assumption that economic development requires over-extracting and polluting the ocean. That historical narrative must quantifiable change. A considerable knowledge base exists in ocean economics, politics, and science; accordingly, we seek to help craft a new narrative, one where transitioning to a new ocean economy is also good for jobs, economic growth, international competitiveness, our health, and the sustainability of a substantial food source, the Ocean. The evidence-based results would inform and stimulate a new narrative for leaders and the private sector. It would showcase the costs of inaction, the benefits of action, real-world examples of success and a roadmap for achieving a new improvement in the science of and the monitoring of the Ocean economy. Change at scale requires moving in the same direction. That means getting the new Ocean narrative on the global political and business agenda and keeping it there. To do this, we will work with ocean partners and research institutions to put our findings into the hands of decision-makers, and further provide for the narrative that Ocean networks play a critical role in advancing the Ocean agenda.
Enhanced Exchange intent is to play an increasingly important role with a holistic approach based on a conceptual framework. In identifying the most effective and efficient actions we can ensure food security in the context of climate variability and how these vulnerabilities interact with other key trends and sources of risk, that affect both natural and human systems. Cohesive diligence in altering the productivity, diversity, and functions of many ecosystems around the world as such impacts the balance which can affect the designer food products™ security in multiple ways. Enhanced Exchange begins with an understanding of our customers. We learn as much as possible about what our customers want in their eating experiences. This involves understanding the desire of and character of foods and beverages that are perceived to enhance the eating experience. We translate that character into quantitative specifications for these foods and vegetables. We then determine the critical control points in the production/delivery system that are elastic to these specifications. We then set parameters of tolerances allowed at these critical control points and police the process to be assured these tolerances are met. Ultimately, we measure our success in this process by gauging customer satisfaction. We achieve this by developing a feedback loop in the process so that a food and beverage stream is established so that each customer is increasingly satisfied with the eating experience over time.
Developing red meat production, delivery systems designed for targeted global markets remain a timely force multiplier objective. Developing forage plant materials along with harvest, storage and utilization methodology, technology and recycling systems are key to supporting beef and dairy production. Beef is often considered a by-product of the dairy industry. However, fortuitously dairy breeds of cattle (Holstein, Jersey, Guernsey, etc.) that have been bred for milk production also produce meat that is well marbled and tender. Therefore, Enhanced Exchange implements dairy production system elements designed to enhance beef from dairy cows while not impeding milk production. Although dairy breeds can produce beef of high quality, these breeds are not generally resilient to environmental stress (especially heat stress) and also do not produce beef efficiently. Enhanced Exchange is developing production system elements to ameliorate the problems of producing beef from dairy cows.
Developing new techniques and the adoption of existing techniques with improvements to govern practices going forward is in order to develop enhanced applications to forage production and recycling utilization that is to improve crop yields and animal performance. Enhanced Exchange believes that the most useful techniques for achieving the goal of producing and delivering high-value foods are those that either make use of natural biological or ecological processes or mimic these processes. Accordingly, our R&D program is focused on understanding these processes to the extent that we can formulate techniques to orient them toward achieving our goals or to mimic them in techniques and products designed for the achievement of our goals.
The following sustainable agriculture techniques are some techniques that help our farmers increase yields and crop resilience, gain control over weeds, pests, disease, erosion, and aid in producing high-quality soil.
Adopting agro-forestry practices can provide shade and shelter to protect plants, animals, and water resources, while also potentially offering us additional income.
Integrated pest management (IPM) is a range of methods, including mechanical and biological controls that can be applied systematically to keep pest populations under control while minimizing use of chemical pesticides.
Microbial products boost yields and crop resilience, while reducing the need for fertilizers and pesticides.
Managing whole systems and landscapes as integral to the farm can enable our operations to better control erosion; reduce nutrient runoff, and support pollinators and other biodiversity.
Planting cover crops, like our selection of clover or hairy vetch, are planted during off-season times when soils might otherwise be left bare. These crops protect and build soil health by preventing erosion, replenishing soil nutrients, and keeping weeds in check, reducing the need for herbicides.
Methods that reduce or eliminate tillage, which involves inserting seeds directly into undisturbed soil, can reduce erosion and improve soil health.
Rotating crops and embracing diversity can have many benefits, including healthier soil and improved pest control. Crop diversity practices we deploy include intercropping (growing a mix of crops in the same area) and complex multi-year crop rotations.
Satellite Imaging can be integrated with crop, soil and water sensors allowing us to receive notifications along with appropriate satellite images when danger thresholds are met.
Smart integration of livestock and crops can be a recipe for our more efficient, profitable farms, while reducing footprint.
Soil and water sensors associated with RFID technology results in our more efficient use of resources and therefore lowered costs, but it also helps be more environmentally friendly by conserving water, limiting erosion and reducing fertilizer levels in local rivers and lakes.
Using Big Data to create field-specific applications provides Enhanced Exchange insight into the ideal recipe for growing the best crops possible on a specific location, we accomplish this based on the needs of the soil and crop and minimize the environmental footprint by using fertilizers and pesticides only when necessary.
Weather Tracking can give us enough advance notice of frost, hail and other weather to allow us to take precautions to protect the crops or at least mitigate losses to a significant degree.
Globally, agriculture is the largest user of water. Agricultural irrigation uses considerable volumes of water and is one of the largest groups of consumptive water uses in the world. Irrigation is necessary when plants cannot satisfy all their water needs through natural precipitation, this practice is also called deficit irrigation. Therefore, Enhanced Exchange illustrates that an ideal irrigation effort aims to cover the deficit between a crop’s optimal water needs and what it can take up through natural means. Because arid, semi-arid, and desert climatic conditions prevail in the MEA region, irrigation is indispensable. Irrigated agriculture is placing increasing pressure on finite freshwater resources, especially in developing countries where water extraction is often unregulated, un-priced and even subsidized. To Enhanced Exchange points out the logic for a trend change, that is a shift to a more sustainable use of water in agriculture without harming the food security and livelihoods of hundreds of millions of small stake holders, small and even larger farmers. Principally, we define that a substantial improvement in water use efficiency is a requirement. Developing effective systems for increasing agronomic plant water use efficiency and recycling, for sustainable production of agronomic and horticultural crops, is therefore, a sustainable key. Enhanced Exchange realizes that the most limiting fundamental input to food production is water, its quality and that this input will be even more limiting in the near future. Therefore, to achieve our goal of delivering high-value foods to our customers, we must efficiently use water. Efficient water use practices along with management thereof often provide benefits that go far beyond reduced water use and are therefore very important in delivering food products and designer food productsTM in the face of natural disasters, along with climate change.
We hold this to be axiomatic across all the food products we deliver. Enhanced Exchange illustrates these efficiencies, in both our in-house designer food productsTM and our contract food products production, we implement water efficient practices to reduce excess water use through implementation of efficient irrigation technology, effective irrigation scheduling, and soil moisture determination and retention. Climatic conditions, soil type and structure, plant type, and the irrigation techniques applied are among the main factors that influence the efficiency and effectiveness of our irrigation practices. Smart water management is another that is not just about how water is deliverable but also when, how often, and how much. To avoid under or overwatering crops, our farmers carefully monitor the weather forecast, as well as soil and plant moisture, and adapt their irrigation schedule to the current conditions. Incorporating a crop demand-dependent irrigation schedule enables us to save water without affecting crop yields. In order to efficiently apply water to the root zone, we first estimate the water demand based on soil type, precipitation, crop needs and soil moisture retention and then apply the most appropriate irrigation techniques and technologies. Whenever possible Enhanced Exchange favors cutting edge technologies such as low-energy precision application (LEPA), fixed-head types, drip systems, and micro-irrigation, as well as irrigation according to plant needs for fruit production (Potential Evapotranspiration methodologies).
Addressing energy efficiency in food processing technologies is an essential ingredient for solving the global energy efficiency challenges from which technologies and certain food products along with system processes known to Enhanced Exchange can and do apply. Tremendous potential savings lie all along the agricultural food chain from inputs (seed, irrigation/pumping, livestock feed, fertilizer) to the end user (cooking, transport, household appliances. Importantly our source saving commences with the production (on-farm mechanization, increased operational efficiencies); from there we can save in transport (from farm to collection center and from collection center to processing facility/market). Our numerous efficiency models, systems and managerial tools provide for Enhanced Exchange planning and changes in storage and handling (cold storage, moisture control, mechanized sorting/packaging); value-added processing (drying, grinding, milling); inclusive of transport and logistics (warehouse, road, rail and maritime transport). Our team of professionals across these energy efficiency sectors also addresses the facets of marketing and distribution (packaging, retail locations and refrigeration). As Enhanced Exchange and its affiliate members control the entire process from “Soil to the Plate”, we can optimize the entire food process and make substantial energy savings. Enhanced Exchange constantly works on improving its processes to keep reducing its energy consumption, along with that of its customers, but also investigates countless new technologies and innovations that can foster a more energy and resource efficient Agri-food chain.
These processes and innovations include, but are not limited to solar irrigation, wind water pumping, solar/Bioenergy drying and heating, solar food processing, evaporative cooling, solar absorption cooling. Efficiencies exist with selective geothermal heating, optimizing fertilizer use, conservation agriculture, drip irrigation, precision agriculture and energy efficient food storage for both fresh and frozen food products.
Renewable energy sources augment the efficiency resources applicable among the foregoing resources we have available, which can further improve the sector’s carbon footprint. Determining the utility of the current renewable energy methodology use is a key, in adapting methods to the conditions in the soils in the specific region. Among our plans for example are those renewable energy items we can recover, that we can measure and re-direct, which can be attained from animal manures through fermentation of the solids to produce methane, which can be used in electricity generators. The key is containment; the manures must be contained and fermented. The fermentation products must be captured and preserved to fuel the generators. Through the utilization of these processes, Enhanced Exchange has the potential to have meat production units that recycle manures to become self-sufficient in energy. Technological developments, changes in crop management, and renewable energy all play important roles in our development in increasing the energy efficiency of agriculture and reducing its reliance on fossil resources.
The last several decades have witnessed a remarkable increase in agricultural crop yields, sectors doubling, principally the major grain crops since the 1950s. But a significant part of the world still suffers from malnutrition, and these increases of the yield in grains in those regions and other crops will probably not be enough to feed the differential of a current population malnutrition shortfall, much less the new growth differential. Adding to this shortfall, Enhanced Exchange does recognize proactively the forecast of the nutrition requirements for a growing global population. These diverse demographic and agricultural challenges known to Enhanced Exchange are among the trend we address as facts, which have put farmers and agricultural scientists on a quest to squeeze more yields from plants and livestock, and how making these yield increases more sustainable. The best agricultural land is already taken and could be altered by climate changes, both seasonal and longer short term periods. We acknowledge these realities, so new crops may have to be grown in less hospitable locations. The addition of the lowering quality of the soil along with the low quality of nutrition in existing lands also needs attention, to improve both, to be better preserved. Several methods that we are aware of are being used to boost food products yields with less fertilizer or pesticides, including traditional combination techniques, marker-assisted breeding, and, of course, trans and cisgenic modifications.
One other way that we concern ourselves for our customer is to get more food from a plant that is through another genetic switch. It may be possible to genetically, either through hybridization, mutagenesis or genetic engineering to alter a plant so that it transforms from an annual one you have to replant every year to a perennial, which you plant once and can thrive for many years. Enhanced Exchange recognizes most staples, like corn, wheat, sorghum, and other grains are annuals. About (75) seventy five percent of the United States (US) and (69) sixty nine percent of global croplands are cereal, oilseed, and legumes, and all of those are annuals. They must be replanted each year from seed, require large amounts of expensive fertilizers and pesticides, which poorly protect soil and water, which further provides little habitat for wildlife. Their production emits significant greenhouse gases, contributing in part to regional climate change that can, in turn, have adverse effects on agricultural productivity. Perennials, meanwhile, have longer growing seasons and more extensive roots, making them more productive food products, and more efficient at capturing nutrients and water from the soil. Replanting is not necessary, thereby our result is in reducing pesticide and fertilizer use, and reducing the need to use tractors and other mechanical planters in the select fields.
It’s been estimated that annual grains can lose (5) five times more water and (35) thirty five times more nitrate than perennial grains. All plants at one time were perennials, and breeders and farmers concentrated on breeding new annuals that could meet farmers’ and consumer’s needs. Now, Enhanced Exchange weighs in as to how the historical table has turned. Genetics may make the annual-to-perennial transformation easier. The switch to perennials is not a new avenue of research, but it’s been a rocky road. Scientists in the former United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) and the United States (US) tried to create perennial wheat in the 1960s, but the offspring plants were sterile and did not deliver on desired traits. Since then, scientists worldwide have looked at deriving perennials from annual and perennial parents using molecular markers tied to desirable traits and the genes responsible for them. This technique, provides Enhanced Exchange access to sustainable crops and land use re-purposing knowing the genotypes of more and more plants, which has made it possible to combine desirable genes with traditional and genetic engineering methods to find these desirable perennial plants. Molecular markers tied to desirable traits consisting of higher yields, disease resistance, etc., can allow for faster breeding by determining the sources of plant variation, and that plant genomics has facilitated the combination of genes without having to field test food products over years at a time.
Genetic modifications in cooperation with the industry can also help us spur this along. The development of perennial sorghum remains a focus of Enhanced Exchange as this is one of the top five cereals on the planet. Sorghum’s properties such as drought resistance has made it useful as a grain and biomass source in degraded soil, and a perennial version, which has happened spontaneously twice, could reduce drought losses even to other crops. The genetic analysis of wild perennials and cultivated annuals has shown the genes involved in perennial“ism” and offered DNA markers for more precise breeding. Techniques that we observe develop are like CRISPR/Cas9, which can precisely edit, insert or delete genes at specific locations, are being studied for their possible role in transforming perennials, but we recognize a few challenges remain. Research has shown that CRISPR could be used to alter genes in existing perennials like fruit and nut trees, for example, once some hurdles like frequent polymorphisms and other variations could be overcome. Still, others are not so optimistic about using genetic modification to enact the perennial-annual switch. First, the whole field would require much more research funding than currently exists.
Enhanced Exchange important preparations work includes knowing of the development status of the perennial traits that are much more complicated than those currently addressed by genetic engineering. Researches do not actually have any of the genes in hand. But they know where they are in the genome and are working on their locations more and more finely, but there are not any of these genes that researchers can yet point to the specific gene among the (30,000) thirty thousand or so in sorghum. Even if they did know the exact genes, most GMOs that are currently available are only inserting a single new trait rather than information from multiple genes. The status of development in technology is not yet able to handle something so complicated as perennialism, yet we engage now for ensuring our use of the resulting changes. However, developing plant and animal genetics adapted to emerging production systems allows for innovation and use of new technologies, which are each of interest to Enhanced Exchange. Specifically, the focus that we provide will be on the species capable of producing the quantity and quality of food requirements in the future. Environmental stress is the enemy of food products, producing consistent quantity and quality foods, inclusive of designer food productsTM. All production environments afford some form of stress to resident plants and animals. The first level of defense against stress is the physiological and in the case of animals, behavioral processes that are governed by genetics.
Conditioning plants and animals to the array of stresses afforded by the environment are also important in that conditioning does determine which genes are activated epigenetic. Also, the character of the microbial population associated with the plants and animals determines the degree of success in ameliorating environmental stress metagenomics. Enhanced Exchange builds foods from the “ground up” by beginning with an understanding of the stresses afforded by the environments in which the food is produced thru to market with designer food productsTM. The next step is in understanding the physiological and behavioral mechanisms that plants and animals utilize to ameliorate the stresses. Then, thirdly, in understanding the genetics, the epigenetic, and metagenomics that are governing these processes. The final component in the process of designing food is to understand the stress that the food producing organism cannot ameliorate and to alter the environment to account for this “residual” stress so that predictable quantities of food products desirable to discerning consumers such as our customers can be produced and delivered. The resulting processes and logistics undertaken deliver the food products for the center of and outer circles of the plate.
Enhanced Exchange corporate development direction and operations undertakes the planning of the ongoing change in the global food and agricultural augmented realities, which is a multidimensional process, as well as for solutions for physical assets. Principally we address those, which have undergone significant transformation as our greatest asset, which is our workforce of talented experts. Food products and agricultural impacts across markets will be seen in the form of growing instability in international politics, the weakening of the global system of cooperation and common rules, and which is to facilitate changes in great power relations. Key development trends in diverse sectors within regions and in the global order include regionalization, polarization of the food and agricultural power structure, which is to include fragmentation of the structure of actors to support political decision-making with public debate. This occurs both nationally and internationally, as Enhanced Exchange is about feeding the world with food products and designer food productsTM without destroying it. By in-depth identification of status, gaps, and priorities taking into account the regional markets, the current stage of development of climate change models with their shortcomings to include strategies and related nationally-determined contributions.
We also increase inspections and enforcement of industry feeding facilities to prevent potential disease; heighten personal awareness and encourage self-evaluations of on-farm bio-security procedures. At the same time, we are continuing to enhance our planning so that we are prepared in case we ever have to combat a given disease.
Developing theory alongside the practice of science applied to production systems along with their metrics recovery is in order to ensure the sustainable expansion and evolution of agricultural activities. Implementation focus by Enhanced Exchange is in various regions simultaneously, enhancing environmental plus safety conditions. Industrial, scientific applications are a key, thereby allowing for the ultimate goal of the improvement of the quality of life for citizens in order to enjoy the designer food productsTM. Food science draws from many disciplines such as biology, chemical engineering, and biochemistry in an attempt to better understand food processes and ultimately improve our designer food productsTM for the general public. As the stewards of the field, our food scientists study the physical, microbiological, and chemical makeup of food; the causes of food deterioration; and the food products concepts underlying food processing.
By applying their findings, they are responsible for developing the safe, nutritious foods and innovative packaging that line supermarket shelves everywhere. Depending on their area of specialization, our food scientists may develop ways to process, preserve, package, and/or store food according to industry and government specifications and regulations. Food technology is the application of food science to the selection, preservation, processing, packaging, distribution, and use of safe food. Related fields include analytical chemistry, biotechnology, engineering, nutrition, quality control, and food safety management. The food you consume on a daily basis is the result of extensive food research, a systematic investigation into a variety of foods’ properties and compositions. After the initial stages of research and development completion, comes the mass production of food products using principles of food technology. All of these interrelated fields contribute to the food industry and to our designer food productsTM. At Enhanced Exchange, our food scientists and technologists apply scientific disciplines including chemistry, engineering, microbiology, and nutrition to the study of food to improve the safety, nutrition, wholesomeness and availability of our designer food productsTM.
In the past (50) fifty years, farming has gone through a technological revolution. In that historical blink of an eye, tractors have gone from simple earth-movers to million-dollar mega machines, guided by onboard computers and (GPS) global navigation system satellites. We recognize today we have new technologies not yet deployed and are developing more for the current cusp of change for the next decade. In just the past (25) twenty-five years, genetic engineering, the ability to make changes in the (DNA) deoxyribonucleic acid of seeds to give crops favorable traits, has become one of the most rapidly adopted technologies in the history of mankind. The impact of these technologies thereon continues with deployment in the industry improving the yield of diverse plants, such as beets, corn, and cotton engineered to repel insects and make it easy for farmers to deal with weeds, now blanket fields to the tune of (75) seventy-five percent or more depending on the country. At the same time, Enhanced Exchange is also aware the farms have been experiencing a burgeoning of technology, the number of products in the grocery store that advertise themselves as having nothing to do with technology has multiplied.
On the farm, technology is inescapable, allowing the labor components to be more efficient, productive and even in reducing spoilage. Retail use of technology is also apparent, in contrast, but step through the sliding glass doors of the grocery store and suddenly the idea of “agricultural technology” has plausible deniability. This plus the growing number of organic and “non-GMO” products on the shelf and it all adds up to an anti-technology food trend the customer desires. Although food labels try to sell us on the idea that there is a gulf that separates what we call “food” from what we call “technology,” the reality is that Enhanced Exchange does recognize the human touch is in every food in the grocery store.Take,for example, those “Wild Wonders” tomatoes. They may be wonderful, but there’s nothing wild about them. Tomatoes were domesticated in the 1600s; real wild tomatoes are pea-sized and don’t taste very good. These were over time bred to be juicy, packed with flavor and come in a variety of colors. These tomatoes are grown inside hydroponic greenhouses, designed to keep the wilderness firmly out.
They are also hybrids; therefore, hybridization is the century-old technology of combining two generations of highly inbred plants to create a vigorous plant that is much greater than the sum of its parents. The raw materials to create the technology we call “tomato” may have been discovered in nature in the year 1600, but these are no more a “gift of nature”. It is not just tomatoes, examples of this are all over the place. Corn began as a grass-like plant with tiny cob-like fruits. It wasn’t very nutritious and was completely unrecognizable as the precursor of corn. Wild bananas are tiny, with pulpy flesh, riddled with seeds and encased in a tough peel. However, before domestication, they were lean and mean. Kale, cauliflower, cabbage, and broccoli all came from the same wild mustard plant, which more closely resembles an old stick than any of these modern vegetables. Designer food products™ integrity, supply, and production capability have become a highly technical business. Any producer that lags in implementation of cutting-edge technologies will become an economic dinosaur. Therefore, Enhanced Exchange as the holder of proprietary technologies also holds some keys to market prowess.
Enhanced Exchange has compiled a comprehensive compendium of the science of food production technologies and has orchestrated these technologies into state-of-the-science production, delivery systems. This collection of technological along with food product resources with system integration does provide for customer satisfaction that can further enable the company to consistently deliver high-value designer food products™ and beverage products to its customers. Our production support and resources provide the diversity exceeding consumer expectations, thereby eclipsing the competitor’s products in order that it can capture any market target. We want the technology of the future to provide food product diversity with all the freshness, quality and nutrition that it can to make it into grocery baskets as soon as humanly possible. Indeed, Enhanced Exchange is at the forefront, in a unique position with ample forward-thinking management insight for this to happen. Therefore, all of us need to support the human innovators responsible for making food safer, cheaper and better.Times change, foods change and eating habits change.